Common diseases and disorders in children and toddler

Children and their spots, runny noses, and wheezes. Of course, such information does not replace the doctor’s diagnosis of your child. And, while the list may look alarming, no child contracts them all.
the disorders grouped so parents can look up any group of symptoms, not as they would in medical textbooks.

Allergies
what are they? When a person is sensitive to a normally harmless substance, he has an allergy. If he receives more of the irritant than he can tolerate, he will show an allergic reaction. An allergy may look like a cold, an upset stomach, a skin disease, or a number of other disorders.
a child with an allergy should be under the care of a doctor who will, by means of tests, trail diets, and changes in the child’s surroundings try to determine what the child is sensitive to.

What causes allergies?

A child may inherit a tendency to allergy, but his reaction to a substance may differ from the reaction of his parents, or, he may be allergic to quite different substances. Any child may develop an allergy, however, climate, season, degree of exposure, state of mind and other factors seem to contribute to the frequency and intensity of reaction. And the reaction itself may change or disappear as child grows older.

A person may be allergic to certain foods [such as eggs chocolate, strawberries, milk,fish,]; to fine particles which are breathed [dust pollen,feathers] to irritants which he touches [poison ivy, dog or cat hair,wool, glue,soaps detergent] to drugs which are taken by mouth or injection.

Asthma, an irritation of bronchial tubes, narrows the air passages and produces mucus so there is difficulty in breathing. The child wheezes and cough in alarming fashion. It may be worse when the child lies down, and he has sleep propped up. Attacks frequently occur at night, and very considerably with the season of the year. Sometimes a cold precedes an asthmatic episode.

Hay fever resembles the common cold, with sneezing, itching and weeping eyes, and a stuffed-up head caused by swelling of the membranes of the nose. It is usually by pollen of weeds, grasses and trees and therefore unlike a cold, usually comes only at a regular seasons of the year. It is rarely seen in children under 3 years of age.
eczema is a red, thickened rough patch on the skin, frequently on the cheeks, folds of skin at the elbow and behind the knee. It will itch, and scratching causes cozing which forms crusts. While it not contagious, the open sores may readily become infected.

The child who is under par

If a child tires quickly, is pale and listless, and lacks the bounce you expect, something is wrong although no sign of acute illness develops. Chronic ill health and lack of vitality have various causes, until you know the source, you can’t treat the condition effectively. Don’t buy special foods and tonics. Get a physical checkup for the child, then, if the doctor prescribes something special, you’ll know you are treating your child’s specific needs.

The child who lacks energy and seems run down may be suffering from:

A chronic infection which drains him of vitality

Lack of sufficient rest. Slow down the pace of the child’s day, plan for midday rest, and arrange on earlier bedtime. It may do wonders for him, and you, too.

Anemia, lack of sufficient red coloring matter [hemoglobin] in the blood. Anemia may occur when a child loses a great deal of blood or has had a severe illness. Unless the loss is severe, he will build new red blood cells in time, but the doctor may feel that a transfusion of whole blood is necessary to replenish the supply quickly. Or the doctor may prescribe iron as a medicine. Otherwise, good general care is all that is needed, with special emphasis on foods rich in iron, such as meats [especially liver, kidney, and heart], egg, yolk, green leafy vegetables, whole grain and enriched bread and cereals, molasses, raisins and other dried fruits.
Anemia may also be caused by disease which destroys the blood, by faulty diet, or by an inherited condition. In each case, the cause will determine the treatment.

Poor nourishment, in some instances, a child is run down be cause the foods he eats fail to supply his body with energy and the building substance he needs.