How to deal a child with intellectual disability (mental retardation) or physical problems

Child with intellectual disability problems

If a child is mentally retarded. It means his intelligence considerably less than average, thus he cannot learn as fast as other children nor can he learn as much.

Some retarded children are only mildly handicapped and can get along fairly well as at home, at school, and in their community.


If you or your child’s teacher think your youngster may be mentally retarded, it is important to have him very carefully studied by a doctor. Perhaps a team of doctors and psychologist.

A child sometimes seems to be dull because he is ill, has physical handicaps or is emotionally upset.

Although your child might seem to be retarded when he is measured by a group intelligence test of this kind usually cannot show whether a child has a special physical or emotional problem that may have a lot to do with a low intelligence score.

There are many causes of mental retardation. Not all of them are known. Very often the cause is not related in any way to the kind of care that parents give a child. With less severely retarded youngsters, a child’s handicap may be unknown until he starts having trouble in the first or second grade.

You can find out about special treatment services for retarded children by talking to your doctor, clinic, school, health and welfare council, local and state departments of health, of public welfare or education.

Speech problems

As your child becomes 6 to 7, his speech should be getting quite clear. Some youngsters, of course, speak well at an earlier age. Of course your 6 to 12-year-old child will still mispronounce some big words and some new ones as he adds them to his vocabulary.


Generally, you can help him speak well simply by talking clearly to him by listening to what he has to say. If you correct him too often or in a harsh or teasing way he is apt to find it harder to learn to talk to talk well. Stuttering is common difficulty with many youngsters.

It sometimes comes about because they have so much more to say than time or skill to get it said. Emotional tension and special attention drawn to child’s stuttering are apt to make it worse.

Boys with their with slower development and greater pressures for success, are more likely to stutter than girls. If your child does stutter a good deal and does not seem to be improving, it is an excellent idea to have his hearing tested, and perhaps he should see a speech therapist. Many employ speech and hearing specialists.

Other speech problems may also suggest that your child is hard to of hearing. Tremendous progress has been made in recent years in specialized hearing tests for youngsters.

Many schools to day give such tests. If your school does not have such service ask your doctor about this.

Problems of vision

If your child is blind you and he surely have a particularly difficult problem. You will need the special services that states must offer, ask your doctor about this. You may also find it helpful to get in touch with your local or state departments of health of public welfare.


Fortunately very few youngsters are blind, many, however, have imperfect vision.. Improved tests of children’s eyesight show that even among 6- or 7- year old, a large percentage have slightly or more serious problems in seeing even slight problems in eyesight can affect your child’s ability to read well. Perhaps he will be tested in school, if not, talk the matter over with your child’s doctor.